The Staffordshire bull terrier, known as the Stafford, Staffy, or Staffie, is a medium-sized dog with a strong, athletic build. With its fierce glare and muscular attitude, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier may seem to be an intimidating dog. Most people are drawn to the type since it appears to be a rugged dog, and it may be shocking to realise that the breed is actually a delicate and affectionate kind that loves to play rather than be aggressive.
Staffordshire Bull Terriers were developed in the 1800s in Birmingham, England. Once bull baiting was abolished in 1835, the “bull and terrier” relatives were used in dogfighting. Dogs would fight gladiatorially in illegal pits, typically confined in crypts away from the reach of the rules, or they would be pitted against a rat-infested bag. Bulldogs were unskilled after bull-baiting was banned, so gamblers crossed them with swift, fierce terriers. Combat canines with the severe teeth of a Bulldog and the fierce energy of a terrier were the outcome. They were intended to be shorter and quicker in the arena while being soft and kind to humans.
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier, refined by James Hinks of Birmingham, England, in the mid-nineteenth century, evolved as the most productive and stable breed among the cornucopia of varieties established in this manner, which are mostly now dead. They are thought to have been created by mixing a Bulldog with a Manchester Terrier progenitor. The hybrid finally resulted in the Staffordshire Bull Terrier.
The title that was given to these terriers is a tribute to the province of Staffordshire, in which the type was prominent.
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, American Pit Bull Terrier, and Bull Terrier all have the Bulldog as a lineage.
About the Breed
Staffordshire bull terriers are quite renowned for their devotion to and enjoyment of human contact. These pups develop strong connections with their family and are referred to as “Staffies” by their admirers.
In spite of their charming demeanour, these canines are still battling stereotypes about their species. The Staffy’s fierce beginnings still have an impact on the breed today. However, they are nimble, lively, and also have a ton of energy. Staffys flourish in families with an active family which is dog-experienced.
1. Physical Attributes
Staffordshire Bull Terriers are medium-sized Terriers with broad chests and wide necks. Their shoulder height may range between 36 and 41 cm. Males are 14 to 16 inches in height, while females are 13 to 15 inches in height. Males weigh 24 to 38 lbs, while females weigh 24 to 34 lbs.
2. Personality and Temperament
Staffordshire Bull Terriers are sociable with humans and have a medium to high temperament. They are also well-known for their people-loving and loyal temperament.
All is done with the most strength and agility by staffies. These are brave and wonderful towards youngsters, and they thrive in the presence of a strong “ leader ” who enforces strict family rules. They are a loving species with terrific humour sense and a lively attitude.
3. With Family, Kids, and Other Pets
Staffies also called the “smiling dog,” are dedicated to their guardians and appreciate people above other canines. They loathe being left to fend for themselves. These bull Terriers should not be left unattended for extended durations without human interaction.
The Stafford, also known as the nanny dog, is regarded for its tolerance and love of kids, yet, it suffices to say that no dog can ever be left alone with young kids or put to use as a babysitter.
Like other dogs, interaction with other pups and creatures begins at an early age. A dog that hasn’t been acclimated is scared and could be unfriendly to other canines and pets. This type may grow to get along with other pets if reared alongside, well-trained, and constantly watched, although some Staffies are perfectly suited for a single-pet family.
Red, fawn, black, white, blue, brindle, and any of these hues plus white are examples of colours of the breed. The coat is sleek and silky, requiring only a light brushing once a week, but it sheds. Their short, thick coats are tight to their body and have a lustrous, elegant appearance.
It is critical to convey Staffy’s limitless energy. Regular walks running, and a lot of playtimes can help your Staffy’s mind and body stay in good condition. Take care not to exaggerate it in warm temperatures, since the type is often heat sensitive. Dog activities that push them physically and mentally will be useful to them.
A properly enclosed yard is ideal for play, but remember that the Staffordshire is a terrier and will build an escape path if possible. Due to their bravery to explore and their faster pace, they must be restrained on a leash anytime they are out and about.
6. Diet And Nutrition
This breed should be served dry dog food twice a day. Every meal ought to be no more than 1 cup of food. Age, exercise level, and medical conditions will all influence a dog’s particular demands. To cut the chances of bloating and gastric twisting, avoid exercising your dog for an hour after a meal.
Perseverance and good encouragement are essential while teaching your Staffordshire bull terrier. Staffies are fairly intelligent but not as bright as most canines; thus, they react quickly to positive reinforcement.
This is an extremely bright canine species that may be stubborn if given the opportunity. As a result, training is critical for managing your dog and providing structure.
Because Staffies may be individualistic, they may become bored with extensive practice sessions. So, While teaching different commands, try to keep sessions brief.
8. Health Concerns
Their life span is between 10 and 16 years.
The Staffordshire bull terrier breed is prone to certain health issues. Several issues to be cautious of are as follows:
- Hip dysplasia: It is a disorder in which the dog’s hip socket forms improperly, causing discomfort or joint difficulties.
- Elbow dysplasia: which affects the dog’s elbow joints, is also frequent.
- Patellar luxation: A condition in which the dog’s patella dislodges from its normal position.
- Allergies to pollen, dangers, plants, insects, food, and medicine can all cause skin problems. They can make dogs’ skin itchy, dry, and inflamed.
- Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV) is another serious health hazard. This is a fatal disorder in which the stomach gets bloated with gas and coils.
- L2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria is a rare metabolic disorder that causes convulsions, tremors, and lack of coordination.
- Cataracts: Cataracts are opacities in the eye lens that, when developed, can cause vision loss.
- Myotonia: A condition that causes painful muscle contractions
- Brush them briefly once a week to drop any dead hair and help maintain shedding to a least.
- Examine the coat shine, nail growth, and aural and oral hygiene.
- Many Staffies will only need bathing almost every month or if they have been outside for long. Most Staffies have delicate skin, so avoid over-bathing to avoid drying out their flesh.
- Maintaining teeth by brushing on a regular basis can help maintain dental and periodontal diseases away. Clean your Staffy’s teeth when he’s a pup to accustom him to the experience. Remember to only use toothpaste developed specifically for canines.
Other Factors to Consider
- These dogs appreciate their luxuries and will love to join you on the couch or bed if granted.
- This breed is not for fearful or even first-time owners. This type requires a self-assured instructor who is stern but also caring.
- Staffords like chewing, particularly when they are puppies. Give them tough, long-lasting toys.
- Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a high hunting urge. They will go after small mammals in your area, especially kittens.
- Staffordshire Bull Terriers have a strong tolerance for pain and could wound without giving any sign of distress.
- In several cities, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a prohibited breed. So, to prevent the unwanted detention of your dog, it is critical to study your town’s laws about this.
- These dogs are possessive towards members of the family but not so much of their assets. They are more inclined to invite intruders than safeguard the jewellery.
- Don’t ever buy a Stafford from a seller who does not offer health screenings or warranties. Check to see if they have any hereditary problems that they could transfer onto the pups.
If you want a dog that will be a loving friend while requiring little grooming, the Staffordshire bull terrier dog can be a good option. But, If you have another pet in the house, you should consider it carefully, although a Staffy may adjust to a furry buddy if they are raised alongside.
This powerful, muscular dog will also protect you from attack, but there is no assurance that it will safeguard your possessions. This breed also flourishes with a dog-experienced household and a family “leader.”
Keep them active to keep their energy levels in check, and keep an eye out for any ailments that may have been handed down from generation to generation.
They may have a reputation for being rather fierce, and their powerful build may scare you, but keep in mind that the largest muscle in their body is simply their heart!